Multilink: Issues, simulations, and papers
We are currently working on several issues:
(a) Is semantic activation sensitive to word frequency? If concepts are frequency-sensitive, their resting activation would not always be -.20, but might depend on word usage in the first language.
(b) Is there any semantic inhibition between concepts? Currently, such inhibition is set at -0.1, to avoid large numbers of concepts becoming active.
We have obtained somewhat higher correlations with empirical data when Multilink incorporates frequency-sensitive resting level activations and lateral inhibition.
We are including other languages in the lexicon: French, Japanese.
Simulation studies that have been done
Lexical Decision (keynote paper)
- Dutch Lexicon Project
- English Lexicon Project
- British Lexicon Project
- 4-letter word comparisons to IA and BIA / BIA+
- Dijkstra, Miwa, Brummelhuis, Sappelli, & Baayen (2010) – Exp 1 (ELD)
- Vanlangendonck, Peeters, Rueschemeyer, & Dijkstra (2019) – Exp 1 (ELD)
Word Naming (keynote paper)
- De Groot - word naming
Word Translation (keynote paper)
- Pruijn, Peacock, & Dijkstra – word translation
- De Groot - lexical decision (response to keynote)
- Van Assche, Duyck, Hartsuiker, & Diependaele (2009)
- Van Assche, Drieghe, Duyck, Welvaert, & Hartsuiker (2011)
- Dirix (unpublished)
- Loermans et al. – neighbor cognates
- Mulder, van Heuven, & Dijkstra (2018) – orthographic neighbors
- Hilberink-Schulpen (2003) – high school students (15 y old)
- Biloushchenko – interlingual homographs in trilinguals
Papers about Multilink
Dijkstra, T., Wahl, A., Buytenhuis, F., van Halem, N., Al-jibouri, Z., de Korte, M., & Rekké, S. (2019). Multilink: a computational model for bilingual word recognition and word translation. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 22(4), 657-679. doi:10.1017/S1366728918000287.
Dijkstra, T., Wahl, A., Buytenhuis, F., van Halem, N., Al-jibouri, Z., de Korte, M., & Rekké, S. (2019). Modelling bilingual lexical processing: a research agenda and desiderabilia. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 22(4), 703-713. doi:10.1017/S1366728918000986
Dijkstra, T., & Rekké, S. (2010). Towards a localist-connectionist model for word translation. The Mental Lexicon, 5(3), 403-422. Special issue on Methodological and analytic frontiers in lexical research, edited by G. Jarema, G. Libben, & Ch. Westbury.